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2013年6月英语四级听力题型解析:等值转换题

http://www.fjzsw.com      2013-4-25      中国教育在线      

  2013年6月英语四级听力等值转换题

  这种题型相对来说比较令考生头疼,特点是因为它的答案无法在原文中直接找到,必须通过换算的方式计算出结果,而并非运用原文中的线索直接加减乘除,所以你一定要对英语中的代用词相当的敏感,以下为英语中常用到的代用词,务必倒背如流。

  ① 时间的代用词
  quarter 一刻钟、四分之一、季度 a dozen 一打、十二个
  score 二十 monthly 一月一次
  daily 一日一次 weekly 每周一次
  fortnight 两星期 decade 十年
  century 世纪、百年 millennium 千年

  ② 倍数、货币的代用词
  double、twice 两倍 fivefold 五倍
  half 一半 a quarter 25美分
  a dime 10美分 a nickel 5美分

  【例1】

  W: We have worked for a fortnight. And really need a break.
  M: How about seeing a play? I hear “Spiderman” is on at the National Theatre.
  Q: How long have they been working?
  A) Four nights B) Forty nights
  C) Fourteen days D) Four days

  【解析】 这题当中应区分fortnight和four nights之间的发音。fortnight代表两个星期,也就是十四天,所以C为正确答案。

  【例2】

  M: Lisa, you know that Tom was late twice this week.
  W: It’s ok, the class is so boring, I was late three times that often and Mark was late six times.
  Q: How many times was Tom late?
  A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 6

  【解析】 Twice 是英语数字2的代用词,分清问的是Tom,答案为B。

  先来热热身(听力文本见下方)

  1. A) Ten years B) Twenty years  C) Forty years D) A hundred years

  2. A) 10 years B) 15 years C) 20 years D) 40 years

  3. A) 4 B) 8 C) 1 D) 2

  4. A) 5 cents B) 10 cents C) 15 cents D) 20 cents

  5. A) 25 months B) 5 months C) 12 months D) 6 months

  6. A) $4 B) $25 C) $5 D) $29

  7. A) 5 cents B) 15 cents C) 20 cents D) 25 cents

  8. A) $0.5 B) $2.50 C) $3 D) $1

  9. A) 5:25 B) 5:55 C) 5:40 D) 5:30

  10. A) $10 B) $40 C) $30 D) $25

  1. 【选A】原文重现

  M: Our university will be celebrating its hundredth anniversary next Monday. Shall we go back for a visit?
  W: I’d love to. It’s been a decade since we left.
  Q: How long ago did they graduate from school?

  听力词汇扩展:
  go back 回去 go about 从事,着手做;闲逛
  go over 过一遍,复习 go into 进入;投入;调查

  2. 【选C】原文重现

  M: I have been working in this school for a score of years.
  W: Well, my mum has been working here twice as long as you.
  Q: How long has the man been working in that school?

  3. 【选D】原文重现

  W: What do you think are the chances I’ll get the job?
  M: Well, I’m talking to four today. We’ll be hiring half.
  Q: How many people will be employed?

  听力词汇扩展:
  apply for 提出申请 apply to 向……申请或要求

  4. 【选B】原文重现

  M: I want to send a telegram to San Francisco. How much does it cost?
  W: Five dollars for the first 15 words and a dime for each additional word.
  Q: How much will each additional word cost?

  5. 【选D】原文重现

  W: You’re thinner than you used to be, aren’t you?
  M: You bet I am! I’ve been dieting for half a year. I’ve lost 25 pounds and I feel great.
  Q: How long has the man been dieting ?

  6. 【选C】原文重现

  W: I thought this kind of film cost four dollars each roll.
  M: It used to, but the price has gone up 25%.
  Q: How much does one roll of the film cost now?

  听力词汇扩展:
  go up 上升;(物价等)上涨 go down 下去;(船等)下沉

  7. 【选A】原文重现

  M: Do I have enough postage on this package ?
  W: Let’s see. You already have three-fifteen cent stamps and two twenty-five cent stamps on it .You only need another nickel.
  Q: How much else will the man pay for the postage ?

  听力词汇扩展:
  pay for 付款 pay back 偿还(借款等);回报
  pay off 还清 pay out 付出(款项等)

  8. 【选B】原文重现

  M: How much are the tickets?
  W: They’re one dollar each for the general public, but student tickets are only a quarter.
  Q: How much will the man pay for two students ticket and two general public?

  9. 【选A】原文重现
  W: Please hurry up, my train is leaving at a quarter to six.
  M: No problem, Madam. I’ll get you there in five minutes. And fifteen minutes is enough for you to board the station.
  Q: What time is it now?

  10. 【选B】原文重现

  W: Jake, what a nice shirt, where did you get it?
  M: I bought it from Carrefour Supermarket. All the man’s clothes are on sale for the National Day. It costs only 20 dollars. I saved a half compared with Wal-mart.
  Q: How much is the shirt in Wal-mart?

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